DATE DE L AIDE EL FITRE 2016

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Ken Chitwood walk not work-related for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any société or company that would benefit from this article, et has disclosed no relevant affiliations past their scholastic appointment.

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Editor’s note: Muslims all over auto world are celebrating Eid al-Fitr, one ns the religion’s clé festivals. In July, Muslims will certainly celebrate Eid al-Adha. Ken Chitwood, a scholar of global Islam, explains the two Islamic festivals.

1. Je vous demande pardon is Eid?

Eid literally way a “festival” jaune “feast” in Arabic. There are two surtout eids in auto Islamic calendar tout de suite year – Eid al-Fitr earlier in thé year and Eid al-Adha later.

Eid al-Fitr is a three-day-long festival and is known oui the “Lesser” jaune “Smaller Eid” once compared venir Eid al-Adha, i m sorry is four-days-long and is known as the “Greater Eid.”

2. Why is Eid commemorated twice a year?

The deux Eids recognize, celebrate et recall deux distinct occasions that are far-reaching to the story de Islam.


Eid al-Fitr way “the feast of breaking auto fast.” thé fast, in this instance, is Ramadan, which recalls the revealing de the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and requires Muslims venir fast indigenous sunrise venir sundown à la a month.


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Eid al-Adha mass prayer. Sergei Karpukhin/Reuters

3. How aller Muslims storage Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr features two to three days ns celebrations that incorporate special morning prayers. People greet each other with “Eid Mubarak,” meaning “Blessed Eid” and with officially embraces. Sweet key are ready at home et gifts are given à children et to those in need. In addition, Muslims room encouraged venir forgive et seek forgiveness. Techniques vary from country venir country.

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In plenty of countries with gros Muslim populations, Eid al-Fitr is a denchères holiday. Schools, offices and businesses are closed sauce soja family, friends and neighbors can enjoy the celebrations together. In the U.S. And the U.K., Muslims pouvez request to oui the day éteindre from school or work à travel jaune celebrate with family et friends.

In countries like Egypt et Pakistan, Muslims decorate their residences with lanterns, twinkling lights jaune flowers. Special nourriture is prepared et friends and family room invited over à celebrate.


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Fanous, auto colorful lanterns de Ramadan, irradiate up auto streets du Amman, Jordan, throughout the holy month de fasting. Ken Chitwood, CC par

In endroit like Jordan, v its Muslim bulk population, thé days antérieur à Eid al-Fitr can see a rush at local malls et special “Ramadan markets” oui people prepare venir exchange gifts conditions météorologiques Eid al-Fitr.

In Turkey and in places that were oz part of the Ottoman-Turkish empire such as Bosnia et Herzegovina, Albania, Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, it is also known as the, “Lesser Bayram” or “festival” in Turkish.

4. How aller Muslims storage Eid al-Adha?

The other festival, Eid al-Adha, is auto “feast de the sacrifice.” ce comes at auto end of the Hajj, an annual pilgrimage de millions du Muslims to auto holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia that is obligatory once in a lifetime, but only for those through means.

Eid al-Adha recalls the story of comment God commanded Ibrahim to saccrochant his le sien Ismail ont a juge of faith. Thé story, as narrated in auto Quran, explains Satan’s attempt venir tempt Ibrahim so cette would disobey oh my gosh command. Ibrahim, however, continues to be unmoved and informs Ismail, that is willing à be sacrificed.

But, just ont Ibrahim attempts to kill his son, God intervenes and a bélier is sacrificed in place du Ismail. During Eid al-Adha, Muslims slaughter année animal to remember Ibrahim’s sacrifice and remind themselves of the need to submit to auto will ns God.

5. Once are castle celebrated?

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated conditions météorologiques the first day ns the 10th month in the Islamic calendar.

Eid al-Adha is celebrated nous the 10th day ns the définitif month in thé Islamic calendar.

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, et dates space calculated based on lunar phases. Since thé Islamic calendar year is shorter than thé solar Gregorian calendar year passant par 10 venir 12 days, the journée for Ramadan et Eid conditions météorologiques the Gregorian calendar deserve to vary year de year.

6. Je vous demande pardon is auto spiritual meaning ns Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr, as it follows the fasting of Ramadan, is also seen oui a spirituality celebration du Allah’s provision de strength et endurance.


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people distribute food et drinks during thé Eid celebrations in Casablanca, Morocco. AP Photo/Abdeljalil Bounhar

Amid thé reflection and rejoicing, Eid al-Fitr is a time pour charity, known ont Zakat al-Fitr. Eid is meant to be a time ns joy et blessing for the whole Muslim community et a time for distributing one’s wealth.

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Charity to auto poor is a highly emphasized value in Islam. Auto Quran says,

“Believe in Allah and his messenger, et give charity out du the (substance) the Allah has fabriquer you heirs of. Pour those de you who believe et give charity – for them is a good reward.”

This pièce incorporates materials from année article life published on Aug. 28, 2017.